Bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) is a citrus plant that grows almost exclusively in the narrow coastal Calabria region in southern Italy, due to sensitivity to the weather and soil conditions. Bergamot juice was traditionally recognized by the local population as a remedy for supporting healthy cholesterol level and cardiovascular health. The medicinal use of bergamot, forgotten for decades, is now being rediscovered.
The juice and albedo of bergamot has a unique profile of flavonoid and glycosides, such as neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, naringin, rutin, neodesmin, rhoifolin and poncirin. Naringin have been shown to be beneficial in animal models of atherosclerosis, while neoeriocitrin and rutin have been found to exhibit a strong capacity to prevent LDL from oxidation. Importantly, bergamot juice is rich in brutieridine and melitidine with an ability to inhibit HMG-CoA reductase.
Citrus Bergamot differs from C. Aurantium because Citrus Bergamot does not contain synepherine, N-methyltyramine, and octopamine, which have been shown in research to constrict arteries, increase blood pressure, increase heart rate, cause heart-rhythm disorders, heart attack, and stroke.
Citrus Bergamot contains melitidin and brutieridin which are absent in C. Aurantium. Research has shown that these compounds significantly support healthy total cholesterol LDL, triglycerides and blood glucose levels, while increasing HDL .